Destination Orientation

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Geographically the country

Botswana also provides information that the Limpopo River is an important river basin and also a vital land feature of Botswana. Botswana is the 45th largest country after Ukraine. The size of Botswana can be compared with the size of Madagascar and it is slightly smaller in size than Texas in the southern part of the United States.

Exploration of Botswana location in the exotic continent of Africa will bring forth nuances of the country. Botswana Africa is bordered by Zimbabwe in the north eastern side, Namibia in the western side, South Africa in the southeast and southern side and Zambia in the northern side. The coordinates of Botswana are 22° South latitude to 24° East longitude. The capital of Botswana is Gaborone.

  • Total area: 581,730 km square kilometer (224,610 sq mi)
  • Population (2016): 2,305,308(growth rate: 1.99%)

What to see

Central Kalahari

Botswana is the land of open spaces, untamed wilderness and some of the best wildlife viewing opportunities on the African continent. Here you'll find the place where the inland waterways of the Okavango Delta meet the harsh Kalahari thirst land. You'll be amazed by this country's beautiful landscapes, rich cultures, and peaceful environment.

The Central Kalahari Game reserve is where you go for the ‘great escape'. The more time you spend here, the less chance you have of returning home. The reserve is so vast and remote that there is every chance that you may not meet up with another soul for miles.

The 54 600-square kilometre Central Kalahari Game Reserve, is the largest reserve in Botswana. The northern 'Deception Valley' being the favourite destination. The park contains wildlife such as South African giraffe, brown hyena, warthog, South African cheetah, Cape wild dog, African leopard, Transvaal lion, blue wildebeest, eland, gemsbok, kudu and red hartebeest. The land is mostly flat, and gently undulating covered with bush and grasses covering the sand dunes, and areas of larger trees. Many of the river valleys are fossilized with salt pans. Four fossilized rivers meander through the reserve including Deception Valley which began to form around 16,000 years ago

MAP Botswana Botswana Map

Okavango Delta

The Okavango Delta (or Okavango Grassland) in Botswana is a very large inland delta formed where the Okavango River reaches a tectonic trough in the central part of the endorheic basin of the Kalahari. All the water reaching the Delta is ultimately evaporated and transpired, and does not flow into any sea or ocean. Each year approximately 11 cubic kilometers of water spreads over the 6,000-15,000 km2 area.

Some flood-waters drain into Lake Ngami. The Moremi Game Reserve, a National Park, is on the eastern side of the Delta. The scale and magnificence of the Okavango Delta helped it secure a position as one of the Seven Natural Wonders of Africa, which were officially declared on February 11, 2013 in Arusha, Tanzania. On 22 June 2014, the Okavango Delta became the 1000th site to be officially inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List.


Makgalagadi Transfrontier Park

The Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park, with its rolling red sand dunes and solitary trees, is a place that draws people captivated by its eerie silence and unique and special appeal. This park includes stretches of wilderness in both South Africa and Botswana, making up an area of about 38 000 square kilometers. There are some places in the park where the sand is as deep as 100 meters. The Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park boasts a huge ecosystem still wonderfully free from much human interference.

Visitors to the park can look forward to the thousands of antelope, and this barren landscape provides wonderful photographic opportunities. There are over 264 bird species that have been recorded in the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park. Weavers are common, with as many as 300 birds using one nest, each pair living in an individual chamber. Some weaver's nests are the size of small rooms and probably weigh more than a ton.


Nxai Pan

Nxai Pan is a large salt pan topographic depression which is part of the larger Makgadikgadi Pans in northeastern Botswana. This landform is a major part of the Nxai Pan National Park, and is a seasonal home to large herds of zebra. The Nxai Pan was added to the National Park System to augment the Makgadikgadi Pans National Park, thus providing an enlarged contiguous area of natural protection.

During the rainy season, December to April, large herds of game such as wildebeest, zebra, gemsbok, springbok and eland converge on the area, and game watching can be exceptionally rewarding. Giraffe are also found here, as well as an occasional elephant venturing down from further north. Birds include kori bustards, korhaans and red-necked falcons.


Chobe National Park

Situated in the North - Eastern corner of Botswana, fills the squat triangle formed by the country’s border with Namibia, Zambia, and Zimbabwe, only 80km from Victoria Falls. A vast park of about 12,000 square km, it has a great concentration of game experiences. The Chobe river frontage in the extreme northeast has lush plains and dense forests, whilst the central region has both arid pans and deep swamps.

Chobe National Park is famous for having the largest continuous surviving elephant population in Africa, estimated at a staggering 120,000. During both the wet and dry season they move along their well-worm paths to drink at the Chobe River. One the most popular safarsi in the park is game viewing by boat, to watch the elephants and hippos drink, splash and enjoy muddy baths. Herds of zebras can also be seen at the river’s edge. Giraffe and warthog are common.


Makgadikgadi Pan

The Makgadikgadi Pan was formed millions of years ago. The Makgadikgadi Pans Game Reserve gives one the impression that you are not likely to find much life, but there are villages on the boundaries with evidence of there being life there as far back as the Stone Age. Lesser desert-adapted mammals abound, including charming critters like meerkat and bat-eared fox.

During the dry season in the vast wilderness, the pans are hostile, salt-encrusted dust bowls. Palm trees grow in clusters on the edges of the pans and distinctive Baobab trees are dotted around. The pans fill up from mid-November and retain water untilthe following April or May. This “thirst land” changes into a great sheet of water, attracting many aquatic birds such as pelicans and flamingos. The transformation also triggers migration of wildebeest and zebra, followed by predators including lion and cheetah.

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Botswana - Highlights


In addition to a large number of migratory and resident species, Botswana has a large number of raptors and aquatic dwellers.

Tuli Block

A fascinating study of ancient archaeological sites, geology, ecology and history coupled with exceptional game viewing.

Linyanti and Savuti

the Linyanti Wildlife Reserve is extremely ecologically diverse. Home to all of the Big Five, the Linyanti Wildlife Reserve is also the preferred habitat for the fascinating aquatic sitatunga antelope that submerges underwater.

The Kalahari

Covering around 80% of Botswana and extending in to both Namibia and South Africa, the Kalahari Desert is a vast expanse of untouched African beauty.

  • The San People (Bushmen)
  • still live their timeless way of life in various parts of this country and their ancient rock art is widespread.
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  • The unique ecology
  • the Okavango Delta where wildlife and birds can be viewed from close quarters in a mokoro (dug out canoe), vehicle or on foot.
  • The Linyanti and Savuti
  • areas feature an annual summer migration of zebra and other grazing antelope.