Namibia is located in the south-western part of Africa and shares its borders with Angola in the north Zambia in the northeast Botswana in the east, South Africa in the southeast and south and the Atlantic Coast in the west (1572 km). Namibia, an arid country of surprising contrasts, is home to two great deserts. Along its length, the vast shifting sand sea of the Namib sprawls inland along the Atlantic coastline.
The capital, Windhoek, is a good place to see historical buildings which date back to German colonial rule but at the same time is a modern city. Namibia is a vast country dominated by the Namib Desert, an extensive inland plateau and stunning geological mountain ranges. From the lush, northern Caprivi Strip and the wildlife of Etosha National Park to the vast and unforgettable Namib Desert and the desolate Skeleton Coast; the destination has something to offer everyone.
Namibia is a most underrated country when it comes to natural wonders. It has the highs and the lows, the highest sand dunes and the lowest canyon in the world. The northern part of the Namib mainly consists of gravel plains whereas the central part is known for its mighty sand dunes, which belong to the highest worldwide. The Namib covers an area of approximately 95.000 km² and is known to be the oldest desert in the world.
The temperatures reach from 50°C during the day to below zero at night. Regardless of these inhospitable conditions numerous animal and plant species have adapted over millions of years and are able to survive in the desert. Namibia is filled with rugged, beautiful landscapes of every kind, creating a wonderful environment with a number of wildlife species. Whether you are a nature lover, adventurer or solace seeker this country will have something to offer you. Be sure to be inspired and amazed with every visit.
From parks teeming with wildlife to the profound silence of the desert, Namibia offers unsurpassed drama. For such a dry country, Namibia’s landscapes are filled with surprising contrasts. Southern right whales swim off the Skeleton Coast, where shipwrecks lie like piles of bones. Inland, the stunning sand dunes at Sossusvlei glow blood-red in the setting sun. Remarkably, these dunes are home to a host of desert-adapted species seen on walks and drives in the area.
is known to be one of the best game reserves in Africa for observing a diverse range of animal and bird life. Game viewing in Etosha is excellent, as wildlife is forced to congregate around the park's water holes for much of the year and there is little vegetation to obstruct one's view.
The Etosha National Park covers an area of over 22,270 square kilometres. There are 114 different mammal species to found in the park, including the Big Five and several rare and endangered species such as the Black Rhino, Black-faced Impala, Tssesebe and Gemsbok. Herds of up to fifty elephants are not unusual. Among the smaller species you will find jackal, bat-eared fox, warthog, honey badger and ground squirrel. Etosha is also an ideal destination for serious birders, as there are 340 bird species. There are also 110 reptile species, 16 amphibian species and, believe it or not, one species of fish.
The Namib Desert runs across the Namibian coastline, from the South Africa till the Angola border, touching areas of big interest, surrender by the frequent mist created with the cold current of Benguela. The northern park of this deserted band, from Swakopmund till to the Cunene River, it is called “Skeleton Coast “by the numerous boats’ wrecks.
North of Swakopmund for over 200km, there is the most accessible part, the National West Coast Recreation Area. The part, from the Ugab River until the Angola border, is declared a protected area with the name of Skeleton Coast National Park. The area is the most remote and unpopulated area of Namibia. The coast itself is probably the most dramatic feature of this landscape and with the help of the famous damp Namibian coastal fog, wildlife thrives here.
In the central Namib Desert lies a clay pan within the Namib-Naukluft National Park called Sossusvlei. “Vlei” in Afrikaans means a shallow depression filled with water. Sossusvlei is a mud pan created by a river that flows through the Namib every 5 to 10 years.
Sossusvlei represents the classic view of the Namib Desert of an ocean of sand, ‘waves’ that are made of bright red sand and dark shadows. Known as the ‘Sand Sea,’ it is sandwiched between the Atlantic’s cold Benguela Current and a rocky mountain escarpment that runs parallel more than 100 kilometres (62 miles) inland. The moon-like pans are grandly flanked by some of the world’s tallest dunes, Sesriem Canyon is a cool, moist place in a barren and stark environment and Despite low rainfall and lack of vegetation, the desert is filled with life
Swakopmund is situated amidst dunes and desert close to the mouth of the Swakop River. During the colonial period Swakopmund was an important harbour, although the conditions were not really favourable: the coastal waters were far too shallow, a sheltered lagoon was missing and the surf was much too strong.
In 1892, Swakopmund was founded by Captain Curt von Francois as the main harbor of German South West Africa, drawing a lot of attention to the harbor. The city is home to the Swakopmund Airport, lying on the B1 road and the Trans-Namib Railway from Windhoek to Walvis Bay. Other historic attractions in Swakopmund include buildings such as the Altes Gefängnis prison, designed by Heinrich Bause in 1909, and the Wörmannhaus, which was built in 1906 with a prominent tower, but is now a public library.
The Fish River is 800 kilometres long and thus the longest river of Namibia. It has its source in the eastern parts of the Naukluft Mountains. After about 200 km the river flows into the Hardap Dam which is the largest water reservoir of the country with a circumference of 30 km and a surface area of 28 km².
The formation of the Canyon took place many million years ago. Not only did the then mighty river carve into the rock, but also plate movement and faulting initiated the formation of this rugged landscape. It is assumed that through faulting a gorge formed into which the river then continued carve its way. After the Grand Canyon in the USA the Fish River is the second largest canyon worldwide.
A rich diversity ofsuch as the Fish River Canyon, Brandberg, Spitzkoppe and the unique star shaped dune mountains in Sossusvlei.
considered by geologist one of the most oldest parks on the earth, it is declared as a Natural Park through the institution of Namib NaukLuft Park, one of the most protected African one.